Show of 10-03-2015

Tech Talk

October 3, 2015

Email and Forum Questions
  • Email from Alice in Bethesda: Dear Dr Shurtz, Thanks for such a nice radio program. I have a job where I have to read a lot of sometimes long 90 page Word docs. I often wish to send them to a personal email acct to be able to read them over dinner after work hours. I use a Win pc and Outlook at office. I use an iMac with the Apple MAIL client at home. Here is what happens. I send the email w/ the attachment. File shows up as a winmail.dat file and when I click on it I’m told to go find the right application to view it from the iTunes store. Alternatively, IF I go to the web and log into the same Gmail acct that I mailed this doc from the office to I CAN access the doc, no problems. Is the some setting in Outlook driving this format change or is it a Apple Mail application issue? In prior jobs this was never an issue doing this and being able to one click and open the attached doc…
  • Also, I enjoyed the show last week showcasing the woman who is running YouTube. But I am not happy about YouTube ads. Awhile back when I bought an Apple TV I could go to YouTube with no ads. Now nearly every video starts with an ad and some of them you can’t skip through. How can I complain about that and be heard by her? Thanks. Alice in Bethesda
  • Tech Talk Responds: If you get an email message with a winmail.dat attachment on your Mac You can ignore winmail.dat attachments, which are related to the email app that the sender is using. If you receive an email message sent from a Microsoft email app like Outlook or Microsoft Exchange, the message might include an attachment with “winmail.dat” in the name. The attachment doesn’t appear in the Microsoft email app, but it does appear in Mail. In other email apps it might appear as a MIME section named “application/ms-tnef.” This happens when the sender composes a message that includes additional information about text attributes like a font, color, boldfacing, or underlining. To avoid seeing these attachments in the future, ask the sender to turn off the option in their email app that sends the message in Microsoft rich text format or TNEF (Transport Neutral Encapsulation Format). To turn off TNEF in Outlook, go to the Tools menu, click Options, and then click the Mail Format tab. In the Send in this message format list, select Plain Text or HTML, and then click OK.
  • As far as ads on YouTube. Google has made them mandatory and any viewer that skips them is blocked. These ads are the only way the YouTube contributors get compensated for their work. It is the price you pay for content. I don’t think an email regarding this will help. You can block YouTube ads with AdBlock Plus, although Google is attempting circumvent all blockers. When I used the ad blocker on my iPhone, YouTube simply blocks the video (if the creator insists on ad revenue).
  • Email from Loyal Listener in Bethesda: Dear Dr. Richard Shurtz. I have to buy a printer for my home office and it needs to work with both a PC  and a Mac.What do you think of the Brothers Printer Model # 9340CDW All-in-One. Is this printer a Good choice? I will not be doing a lot of printing but do need an all-in-one. Where to get best price? Is there a better option? Thanks! Loyal Listener in Bethesda
  • Tech Talk Responds: This is an expensive printer with high capacity, perhaps more that you need. It has a list price of $449 and I found it on Amazon for $330. It prints duplex, 23 pages per minute, and has a 250 page paper tray. It is a color laser printer. It support Wi-Fi, Air Print, and Google iCloud. It has good reviews. You can’t go wrong with this printer. It has good reviews. You might look at a lower capacity printer since you don’t print much. You may save $100.  Players in this area are Dell, HP, Cannon, and Brother. All have color laser and LED printers. I agree with your choice not to go with an inkjet. Dried print heads and expensive ink have soured me on that technology.
  • Email from Tuc in Chantilly: Dear Tech Talk. I need to record some high quality audio files using my iPhone. What do you recommend? Love the show. Tuc in Chantilly
  • Tech Talk Responds: The iPhone is an excellent storage platform. I would get a cheap lavalier mic that you can keep under you clothes.  You can just get a pair of earbuds with a mic if you are on a budget. Instead of using the native app to store the audio, I would iTalk by Griffin. There is a free iPhone app and a premium version for $1.99. You can sync with audio with a video of your song and get a great final result.
  • Email from Tom in Dallas: Dear Doc and Jim. I have my old Outlook .pst file on a flash drive, but I cannot get it to my hard drive. The found the location of the newly created Outlook.pst, but when I look at that location, there is no “AppData” folder. What am I missing? By the way, I am using Windows 7. Love the show. Tom in Dallas
  • Tech Talk Responds: Windows is trying to be helpful by protecting you from yourself. Windows is hiding that folder. Windows1 has a “hidden” attribute for files and/or folders. When a file is set to be hidden, many programs simply do not display its existence. In Windows 7 and prior, click the Tools menu in Windows Explorer (if the menu isn’t visible, press the ALT key and it should appear), and click the Folder options… item. Change the setting to “Show hidden files, folders and drives”, and click OK. You should now see the missing subdirectory.
  • By the way, you can also see hidden files using the command prompt. Go to search and enter, cmd. Then open that program. Type dir  /A:H. This is the directory function with the attribute, show hidden, activated.?
Profiles in IT: Ajay V. Bhatt
  • Ajay V. Bhatt has had driven the development of broadly adopted technologies such as USB, Accelerated Graphics Port, PCI Express, platform power management and is best known as one of Intel’s Rock Stars.
  • Ajay Bhatt was born in India in 1957.
  • In 1980, he received a BSEE from Maharaja Sayajirao University.
  • In 1984, he received an MSEE from The City University of New York.
  • In 1984, he was hired as a Principal Engineer by Wang Laboratories. Lead system architecture definition of the Motorola 680X0 based Workstation product line. 
  • In 1990, he was hired by Intel as a Senior Staff Architect. Ajay lead a team of engineers in defining architecture for the Energy Star compliant Green Desktops. He was a key technical contributor to ISA Plug and Play (PnP) architecture.
  • In July 1992, was became Chief Architect for USB Development. In 1993, he conceived of a platform with ubiquitous and easy to use Universal Serial Bus Port. 
  • For inspiration Bhatt turned to the common electrical wall outlet. Would it be possible to design a system that worked in a similar way and allowed users to simply plug devices into their computer and have them work automatically? 
  • Subsequently, led a cross company (Compaq, IBM, Nortel, Microsoft, Intel, NEC, DEC) definition team and delivered an open USB 1.0 industry spec in 1995.
  • In July 1996, he became Senior Principal Engineer at Intel. He was Lead Architect & co-director of the Platform Ingredients Architecture & Planning (PIAP) organization.
  • In January 2001, he becamse Chief I/O Architect and Intel Fellow. As the PCI Express lead architect, Ajay was instrumental in developing and driving the Rev 1.1, 2.0 & 3.0 specifications through the SIG. He continues to be the primary technical lead and spokesperson for PCI Express within Intel.
  • In June 2008, he became Chief Architect & Intel Fellow, Client Computing Group. Ajay leads definition and development of the next-generation Client Platform architecture. He is primarily focused on the novel advances in platform hardware and software by working with key internal and external technology partners to develop the future Client Platform Architectures and Technologies.
  • In 2009, Ajay Bhatt rose to global celebrity as the co-inventor of USB through an Intel 2009 TV advertisement, where he was portrayed as a technology rock star.
  • On October 9, 2009, The Tonight Show with Conan O’Brien did a comedy sketch featuring him that parodied Intel’s “Rockstar” commercials.
  • In July 2010, Ajay Bhatt was featured in July 2010 issue of GQ India, as one of “The 50 Most Influential Global Indians!”
  • In 2012 he was given The Light of India Award for his contributions in advancement of science and technology.
  • In 2013, he received the EU Inventor award 2013 for his work on USB
  • Ajay currently hold 70 US and international patents with several pending.
iPhone 6s Nearly Waterproof
  • iPhone 6s and 6s Plus are far more resistant to liquid damage than past iPhones.
  • Apple put in a new gasket around the sides of the phone, and it incased every cable connector on the phone’s logic board with a waterproofing material. 
  • The logic board that includes most of the iPhone’s sensitive electronics and is the most prone to water damage.
  • While it’s far from being truly waterproof, there are plenty of videos online showing iPhone 6s models surviving water dunks. 
  • The truly strange thing is Apple has never mentioned the feature.
  • The increased water resistance means used iPhone 6s models will last a lot long longer and have fewer costly repairs.
Your Credit Card Is Going ‘Chip-and-PIN’
  • Many Americans have received a new credit or debit card in the mail in with a computer chip on the front. 
  • The new “smart” chip cards use EMV (which stands for Europay, MasterCard and Visa) technology, which generates a unique code every time the card is used. 
  • It’s more secure than the traditional magnetic-strip cards, because the code in those strips don’t change. 
  • If a hacker got a hold of that strip information, they could make a physical copy of the card. 
  • These EMV cards have been around since the 1990s, and much of Europe and the U.K. already use this technology. But they’re new to America. 
  • Starting October 1, 2015, U.S. merchants (not card issuers) will be responsible for fraudulent transactions if they don’t upgrade their payment terminals. 
  • In countries that have moved to chip technology, two years after the liability shift date, they see their counterfeit go down 60, 70 percent or more.
  • The new chip cards also require a learning curve at the checkout line. Instead of swiping, shoppers “dip” the card by inserting the chip end for several seconds. 
  • It’s a major change for businesses too, which may have to shell out $200 to $1,000 per new payment terminal to handle the chip-card payments.
Website of the Week:
  • Curiosity Machine is an interesting website that connects scientists and engineers with children inspiring them to be creative inventors. 
  • The site provides a wide variety of open-ended engineering design projects that are appropriate for K-12 learners. 
  • These challenges are hands-on projects inspired by the cutting-edge work of scientists and engineers. There around 40 challenges on the site at this time and the number is growing.
  • In each challenge, children are presented with a complex problem to solve, and they progress with support from a trained mentor who guides and encourages them to persist through failure and bring their ideas to reality.
  • Most design challenges will take about 90 minutes to plan, build, test, and submit to the site for mentor feedback. 
  • A mentor will respond within 3-5 days, and then you can start the redesign process!
  • The redesign process can go on for as long as you can make improvements to the design–and the same mentor will be ready to offer feedback on every change you make.
  • Mentors are professional scientists and engineers from all over the world who are dedicated to inspiring the next generation of inventors.
  • Anyone can create a Curiosity Machine account and access its videos and engineering design challenges for free. 
  • For schools and other groups interested in support and training, the site offers a paid membership. 
Old net addresses run out in US
  • North America has officially run out of its stock of old net addresses.
  • This week the American agency which oversees net addresses in the region gave out the last block of these vital net components.
  • North America should now accelerate its move to IPv6, the latest version of the Internet addressing system.
  • Now Africa is the only region with any significant blocks of the older version 4 internet addresses available.
  • The older addressing system, called IPv4, was created when the net was being set up in the 1970s. The system can support up to 4.3 billion addresses but the massive growth of the online world has swiftly depleted this.
  • The successor addressing system, known as IPv6, can handle a vast amount of addresses and is unlikely to ever run out. IPv6 has been available since 1999 but only now are large numbers of firms starting to use it.
  • Shifting to IPv6 can be tricky for some ISPs because, for the time being, they have to support both old and new addressing schemes. Running both and translating from one to the other can break some services and introduce delays that irk customers. 
  • Afrinic, which hands out net addresses in Africa, currently has about 2.3 million IPv4 addresses left and these look set to run out by early 2019, statistics suggest. Stocks of IPv4 addresses ran out in other regions several years ago.
  • The steady depletion of IPv4 addresses has kicked off a market in buying and selling chunks of addresses that large or defunct companies no longer use.
Investigators can’t make you give up your work phone’s passcode
  • A Pennsylvania-based federal judge has ruled that the Securities and Exchange Commission can’t make two former Capital One employees hand over the passcodes for their old work-supplied smartphones to prove that they’re guilty of insider trading.
  • While the US Constitution’s Fifth Amendment doesn’t protect people from self-incrimination using corporate records, both devices were locked with codes that only their owners knew.
  • That’s personal information still covered by constitutional protections, according to the court.
  • The judge also didn’t buy the SEC’s attempt to lean on a Fifth Amendment exemption which allows searches when investigators know where evidence is. 
  • As it stands, there’s no way to show that the accused remember their passcodes — they could be lying, or they could simply have forgotten.
  • The ruling could set an important precedent in an era where many phones have a mixture of personal and professional data, especially those using office-friendly tech like Android for Work. 
  • The decision draws an effective line in the sand: just because you’re using a company-issued phone doesn’t mean that everything involving that phone is up for grabs. 
  • This won’t save you if your employer has the passcode on file, but it could prevent officials from obtaining data that isn’t actually relevant to a case.
  • On the other hand, if they had used a finger print to open their cell phone, they would not have been protected. Something to think about.
Selfies now kill more people per year than sharks
  • It turns out that not paying attention to one’s surroundings is far more deadly to human beings than sharks.
  • A 66-year-old Japanese man visiting the Taj Mahal Royal Gate tripped and tumbled down some stairs while attempting to take a selfie. His head injuries lead to unconsciousness and death. 
  • A 21-year-old woman was posing with a gun for a selfie when she accidentally shot herself in the head. 
  • A Spanish man who tried to get a picture of himself during a bull running and was gored to death.
  • In Russia, injury due to selfies is becoming such a serious problem that the government has started a public service campaign cautioning young people against taking selfies near trains, on rooftops, or in the presence of dangerous animals. 
  • We’ve had 8 shark deaths so far this year, but we’ve had 12 selfie deaths. 
  • Major tourist locations including Disney theme parks and Comic-Con have started banning selfie sticks. They are dangerous on rides.