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Panoramic Camera using two high-resolution stereo cameras to complement the rover’s navigation cameras for 3-D panoramic pictures
Microscopic Imager is a combination of a microscope and a camera. It will produce extreme close-up views of rocks and soils examined by other instruments.
Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometer (Mini-TES) can recognize carbonates, silicates, organic molecules, and minerals formed in water from their IR signatures. Thermal IR data will also help scientists assess the capacity of rocks and soils to hold heat over the wide temperature range of a Martian day.
Mossbauer Spectrometer (MB) determines the composition and abundance of iron-bearing minerals. It shines x-ray/gamma rays (from radioactive Cobalt source) on sample and measures backscattered radiation. Identification of iron-bearing minerals will yield information about early Martian environmental conditions (degree and specific type of oxidation or ?rusting?).
Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer (APXS) determines the presence of Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, and Fe, Na, P, S, Cl, Ti, Cr, Mn, C, and O. The APXS shines x-ray/gamma rays from a radioactive Curium source and measures backscattered radiation.
Rock Abrasion Tool (RAT) for scrapping off the outer surface of samples
Magnet Array to collect magnetic dust samples for evaluation